March 3 「ひなまつり」

Doll’s Festival:

Hinamatsuri occurs on March 3 and is an occasion to pray for young girl’s growth and happiness.  Most homes with girls display dolls for the Doll’s Festival and dedicate to them peach blossoms, rice cake cubes, special colored and diamond-shaped rice cakes, white sake and other items.  The origin of hinamatsuri is an ancient Chinese practice in which the sin of the body and misfortune are transferred to a doll and washed away by setting the doll in a river to drift away.  When this practice spread to Japan, it was linked to girl’s playing with dolls and, in Edo Period(1603-1867), was developed into the hinamatsuri.

ひ な祭りは3月3日、女の子の成長や幸福を願う行事です。女の子のいる家庭の多くはひな人形を飾り、桃の花やひなあられ、菱餅、白酒などをひな人形に供えま す。ひな祭りの起源は身のけがれや災いを人形に移し、川に流して厄払いしたという古代中国の風習にあります。これが日本に伝わると女の子の人形遊びを結び つき、江戸時代(1603〜1867)からはひな祭りとして行われるようになりました。

From Traditional Japanese Culture & Modern Japan
「日本文化を英語で紹介する事典」より

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